The macula is a small, specialised central area of the eye that is responsible for fine detail and colour vision, and macular degeneration occurs when the central area becomes thin and damaged. A more severe form of macular degeneration exists too, but it is less common. In this condition, blood vessels growing under the macula leak fluid or blood, which forms distortions to the smooth, even surface of retina and damage the retina cells. Accumulations called rusen remain in the retina and cause vision to become distorted and eventually reduce considerably.
As Waikato optometrists, we are committed to educating our patients about macular degeneration. If you would like to read more in-depth information about the disease, take a look at the following posts:
- What is macular degeneration?
- Proactive macular degeneration prevention
- Macular degeneration risk factors
You can also take a look at the Macular Degeneration New Zealand website.